To measure gambling harm, the researchers focused on its outcomes and manifestations. They identified seven dimensions of harm experienced by people who gamble and those close to them.
The dimensions are listed below with examples of harms under each. The full report has a complete list of harms for each dimension.
While gamblers and people close to them experienced similar harms, gamblers experienced approximately double the harms. Harms experienced within each dimension varied depending on the severity of gambling problems.
2016, Fact sheet 2: The seven dimensions of gambling harm,